1 in 2 people have suffered from dandruff sometime or the other in their life. Dandruff is one of the most common hair ailments that bother the urban Indian today. Dandruff can occur on men, women, kids and teenagers. Nothing is more painful than an itchy, red scalp and nothing is more embarrasing than dandruff flakes on hair and shoulders.
Dandruff often starts with puberty when the hormones start to change, causing the body to produce more scalp oils. Increased scalp oiliness provides a conducive environment for a fungus called called Malassezia Globosa. This fungal activity leads to excessive shedding of the scalp skin in the form of clumped up flakes - that we commonly call dandruff. Dandruff is characterised by the whitish flakes, redness and dryness of scalp and itching.
Dandruff buildup gets aggravated by multiple factors - age, weakened immune system, stress, bad hair hygiene being some of them. Thus, it is important to treat and manage hair fall as a disease with a proper regime - only cosmetic measures like spa do not work on correcting the root cause of dandruff.
In fact, Ayurveda recognizes dandruff as a skin-related ailment called 'darunak'. The word 'daruna' denotes hardness. The skin on the scalp gets cracked, becomes rough, dry and itchy, due to an increase in kapha vata. 'Arunshika' is a small ulcer with many openings manifested on the skin of the scalp due to kapha rakta.
Acharya Charak in his treatise- Charak Samhita Sutrasthan has emphasised the importance of treating dandruff by external and internal remedies.